The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) comes into effect on 25 May 2018, one month from now. The EU General Data Protection Regulation is the most important change in data privacy regulation in 20 years. GDPR, is fundamentally about protecting and enabling the privacy rights of the individual.
A Guide to enhancing privacy and addressing GDPR requirements with the Microsoft SQL platform is an interesting read. The obligations related to controls and security around handling of personal data are some of the the concepts discussed in the the document.
GDPR Article 25—“Data protection by design and default”: Control exposure to personal
• Control accessibility—who is accessing data and how.
• Minimize data being processed in terms of amount of data collected, extent of
processing, storage period, and accessibility.
• Include safeguards for control management integrated into processing.
GDPR Article 32—“Security of processing”: Security mechanisms to protect personal data.
• Employ pseudonymization and encryption.
• Restore availability and access in the event of an incident.
• Provide a process for regularly testing and assessing effectiveness of security
GDPR Article 33—“Notification of a personal data breach to the supervisory authority”:
Detect and notify of breach in a timely manner (72 hours).
• Detect breaches.
• Assess impact on and identification of personal data records concerned.
• Describe measures to address breach.
GDPR Article 30—“Records of processing activities”: Log and monitor operations.
• Maintain an audit record of processing activities on personal data.
• Monitor access to processing systems.
GDPR Article 35—“Data protection impact assessment”: Document risks and security
• Describe processing operations, including their necessity and proportionality.
• Assess risks associated with processing.
• Apply measures to address risks and protect personal data, and demonstrate
compliance with the GDPR.