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Wednesday, 31 October 2018

Always Encrypted with Secure Enclaves

SQL Server 2019 preview Always Encrypted uses an enclave technology called Virtualization Based Security (VBS) memory enclaves. A VBS enclave is an isolated region of memory within the address space of a user-mode process.

The capabilities this brings are

  • In-place encryption. Encrypt column, rotate a column encryption key, or change an encryption type of a column, without moving your data out of the database
  • Rich computations. The engine can delegate some operations on encrypted database columns to the enclave. It can decrypt the sensitive data and execute requested operations in a query on plain text values.

Always Encrypted with secure enclaves allows computations on plain text data inside a secure enclave on the server side. Microsoft define a secure enclave as a protected region of memory within the SQL Server process. It acts as a trusted execution environment for processing sensitive data inside the SQL Server engine. A secure enclave is a black box to SQL Server and other processes on the server. It is not possible to view any data or code inside the enclave from the outside, even with a debugger.

You can now try and evaluate Always Encrypted with secure enclaves in the preview of SQL Server 2019.








This shows what an admin would see when browsing the enclave memory using a debugger (note the question marks, as opposed to the actual memory content).















Reading

Always Encrypted with Secure Enclaves – Try It Now in SQL Server 2019 Preview! 
Always Encrypted with Secure Enclaves

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